Published: 18 August, 2023

Title for Policy Report

Policy Report short description. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque velit purus, dignissim ultricies ante sed.


Are immigrant workers in developed nations relegated to labour market positions that are beneath their qualification and skill level? This paper uses newly available data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) to examine immigrant economic incorporation in 13 European nations.

Our analyses show that immigrants in Europe are significantly more likely than natives to hold educational qualifications above those necessary for their job, yet immigrants are significantly less likely to be in jobs that underutilize their cognitive skills. Among workers in the highest cognitive proficiency levels, however, we find no differences between immigrants and natives in predicted overeducation.